The jaw joint is the most special joint in the body, located in front of the ear and formed between the lower jawbone and the temple. In order to prevent damage to the two bone structures during joint movement, there is an articular disc consisting of cartilage tissue that acts as a cushion. The joint capsule and ligaments that support these structures are among the structures that make up the joint.
The jaw joint is used for very important functions such as speaking, swallowing and chewing. During all these movements, the ligaments and muscles that support the joint also take part. During the movements of the lower jaw, not only the chewing muscles but also the muscles in the neck area are involved. Owing to all these muscles, the lower jaw moves right, left, forward, down and up. Disorders affecting the joint area cause problems such as pain or limitation of movement during these movements or function.
How Are Jaw Joint Disorders Diagnosed?
Examination by dentists specialized in jaw joint disorders is the most important diagnostic method. In addition to the examination, special imaging methods may be required for the jaw joint.
What are the Complaints of Jaw Joint Disorders?
Pain spreading to the jaw and temple area are among the most common complaints. These complaints are generally seen due to unilateral chewing or clenching teeth. Apart from pain, restrictions in the mouth opening, excessive movement of the jaw, dislocation of the jaw, noise in the joint during movement, unilateral joint enlargement are among the important problems that patients apply to our clinic. Joint problems can also occur as a result of trauma or accidents.
What Are The Treatment Methods Of Jaw Joint Disorders?
The treatment method will be determined as a result of the examination performed by dentists specialized in jaw joint disorders. There are various treatment methods ranging from behavioral therapy to joint surgery. Depending on the type and severity of your joint disease, the appropriate treatment will be applied by your dentist.